SEC. 83-58-5. Builder's warranties to owner.
(1) Subject to the exclusions provided in this section, every builder warrants the following to the owner:
(a) One (1) year following the warranty commencement date, the home will be free from any defect due to noncompliance with the building standards.
(b) Six (6) years following the warranty commencement date, the home will be free from major structural defects due to noncompliance with the building standards.
(2) Unless the parties otherwise agree in writing, the builder's warranty shall exclude the following items:
(a) Defects in outbuildings including detached garages and detached carports, except outbuildings which contain the plumbing, electrical, heating, cooling or ventilation systems serving the home; swimming pools and other recreational facilities; driveways; walkways; patios; boundary walls; retaining walls; bulkheads; fences; landscaping, including sodding, seeding, shrubs, trees, and planting; off-site improvements including streets, roads, drainage and utilities or any other improvements not a part of the home itself.
(b) Damage to real property which is not part of the home covered by the warranty and which is not included in the purchase price of the home.
(c) Any damage to the extent it is caused or made worse by any of the following:
(i) Negligence, improper maintenance or improper operation by anyone other than the builder or any employee, agent or subcontractor of the builder.
(ii) Failure by anyone other than the builder or any employee, agent or subcontractor of the builder to comply with the warranty requirements of manufacturers of appliances, equipment or fixtures.
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(iii) Any change, alteration or addition made to the home by anyone after the initial occupancy by the owner, except any change, alteration or addition performed by the builder, or any employee, agent, or subcontractor of the builder.
(iv) Dampness, condensation or other damage due to the failure of the owner to maintain adequate ventilation or drainage.
(d) Any loss or damage which the owner has not taken timely action to minimize.
(e) Any defect in, or any defect caused by, materials or work supplied by anyone other than the builder, or any employee, agent or subcontractor of the builder.
(f) Normal wear and tear or normal deterioration.
(g) Loss or damage which does not constitute a defect in the construction of the home by the builder, or any employee, agent or subcontractor of the builder.
(h) Loss or damage resulting from war, accident, riot and civil commotion, water escape, falling objects, aircraft, vehicles, acts of God, lightning, windstorm, hail, flood, mud slide, earthquake, volcanic eruption, wind driven water and changes in the level of the underground water table which are not reasonably foreseeable.
(i) Insect damage and rotting of any kind.
(j) Mold or mold damage, except in cases where the builder's negligence was a proximate or contributing cause of the mold or mold damage.
(k) Any condition which does not result in actual physical damage to the home.
(l) Failure of the builder to complete construction of the home.
(m) Any defect not reported in writing by registered or certified mail to the builder or insurance company, as appropriate, prior to the expiration of the period of coverage of that defect plus thirty (30) days.
(n) Consequential damages.
(o) Any loss or damage to a home caused by soil conditions or soil movement if the home is constructed on land owned by the initial purchaser and the builder obtains a written waiver from the initial purchaser for any loss or damage caused by soil conditions or soil movement.
(p) Any defect in an electrical, plumbing, heating, air conditioning or similar fixture not manufactured by the builder for which the manufacturer provides a warranty regardless of duration.
(3) The provisions of this section establish minimum required warranties and shall not be waived by the owner or reduced by the builder, provided the home is a single family dwelling to be occupied by an owner as his home.
SOURCES: 1997 Laws, Chapter 465, Sec. 3, HB1142; Laws, 2004, ch. 567, § 1, SB 2638, eff from and after July 1, 2004.
PREVIOUS VERSIONS: Pre-2004
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